Belarusian State Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War

Museum Exhibition

The exhibition area has 24 Museum halls in 3,275 square meters of space where over 4 thousand items are exhibited. There are two halls of 120 and 80 square meters for temporary exhibitions.

Halls # 1- 2

"Defensive actions on Belarusian territory from June 22 through the end of August, 1941, "The battle of Smolensk. The battle of Moscow".

These materials cover the most tragic period of the Great Patriotic War when the Red Army could not hold back the troops of Wehrmacht in the first days and months of the war. At the same time many soldiers and commanders showed great heroism in defending certain positions.  Later the battle for Smolensk and the first big Red Army victory nearby Moscow showed the outside world that the Red Army was capable of defeating a strong and insidious enemy.

Hall # 3 " Nazi German occupation regime in Belarus. 1941 1944" The so-called "new order" established by Nazi on the occupied territory of Belarus finally resulted in genocide, terror, violence, slavery and insults to the national feelings of Belarusians. Museum visitors can also feel all these horrors in the artistic decoration of the hall, which is in black colors and constructions, which underscore the temporary nature of the occupation regime.
Halls # 4 5 "Minsk tragedy. 1941-1942". "Anti-fascist underground Resistance in Minsk"

Horrible tragedy struck Minsk after bombing by the German aviation on June 23-24, 1941. The residents of Minsk lost 80 percent  of their housing. Full war came to Minsk on June 28, 1941  when the city was occupied by Nazi Germanys troops. The first gallows appeared in Minsk.

Underground groups emerged as patriotic Minskers initiated their fight against the invaders. The Underground spread anti-occupier propaganda among the population, saved Soviet prisoners of war, frustrated and sabotaged the activities of the occupiers.

Hall # 6 "Partisan movement in Belarus. 1941 - 1942"

The organizers of the first partisan groups in the summer 1941 were local citizens, as well as soldiers and officers of the Red Army who found themselves in German-occupied territory. The Partisans organized combat operations and helped the Red Army by providing intelligence data. They printed leaflets, newspapers and hand-written magazines. Starting in 942, smaller Partisan units began to merge into Partisan brigades, which enabled them to undertake larger operations. Each guerilla unit had its own self-made flag. The first Partisan weapons were the munitions picked up on the battle fields where the Red Army had earlier retreated.










Hall # 7 "Soviet home front helping the battlefront"

This hall depicts how the civil economy converted to serve the military needs of the country. Here you can find materials portraying evacuation hardships experienced by industrial enterprises and people who were moved from Belarus to the rear area, as well as the operation of evacuated enterprises, as well as descriptions of the lives of the worker classes, engineers, scientists, factory management and agriculture workers on the Soviet home front. One of the biggest sections of the exhibition is industry, agriculture, rail transport and culture.

Hall # 8 "Turning point in the Great Patriotic War. 1943."

By the end of 1943 the Red Army had freed 53 percent of the occupied territory of the Soviet Union. It took fierce, bloody battles in the environs of Leningrad, in the area of Novorossiysk and on other battle fields. After the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk, the military initiative transferred to the Red Army, which forced a crossing over the Dnieper river in 1943, and liberated one sixth of Belarus.

First floor. Halls # 9 13 "Partisan movement in the occupied territory of Belarus in 1943-1944"

In 1943 1944 the Partisan movement became nation-wide. 10 Partisan units comprising over 400 thousand partisans operated in the occupied territory of Belarus. All social strata joined in the Partisan effort as well as many anti-fascists from the foreign countries. The zones controlled by the partisans comprised about 60 percent of Belarus territory.

Partisan military operations ranged from attack on large enemy garrisons to the "railroad warfare," which sabotaged German communication and supply lines. The Partisans tight connections with local populations kept the Partisans provisioned with food, munitions and intelligence information.  Eighty-eight Belarusian Partisans were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.









Halls # 14 16 "The Red Armys 1944 Belarusian operation"

In 1944 the Red Army undertook 10 large attacks along a front-line from the Barents Sea to the Black Sea.  These operations resulted in the liberation of all German occupied territories of the USSR. Beginning on March 26, 1944, Red Army combat activities extended to the territory of German-occupied European countries.

One of the largest military efforts was the Belarusian Offensive, which took place from June 23 through to August 29, 1944. This military operation resulted in the defeat of the main forces of the German "Center" group of armies.

Hall # 17 "Liberating mission of the Red Army"

From March 26, 1944 through to May 11, 1945 there were bloody battles to liberate Rumania, Hungary, Austria, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Poland and Czechoslovakia from Nazi fascism. National guerilla units from many countries also participated in the battles against the troops of fascist Germany. Citizens of the USSR, including many Belarusians, actively participated in the Resistance Movement.

Hall # 18 "Defeat of fascist Germany and militaristic Japan"

The final combat operations of the Red Army were the defeat of German forces in East Prussia and the battle for Berlin, as well as the Japanese Quantun Army. Germany formally surrendered on the night of May 9, 1945. The Second World War ended on September 2, 1945 when Japan signed its act of capitulation.

Hall # 19 "Victory Hall"

The apotheosis of the war was the Victory Parade on June 24, 1945 in Moscow, Russia.

Hall # 20 "Hero Cities"

12 cities of the Soviet Union received the title of the "Hero City": Leningrad, Sevastopol, Odessa, Moscow, Stalingrad, Kerch, Kiev, Minsk, Smolensk, Tula, Novorossiysk, Murmansk. The Brest Fortress was awarded the "Hero Fortress" title.

Halls # 21-24

Memorial halls

These halls immortalize the names of those military units and groupings, which distinguished themselves in the battles for Belarus and the Partisan formations which operated in the occupied territory of Belarus. The Museum perpetuates the names of 2,169 Heroes of the Soviet Union: Belarusians and the representatives of 70 nations, as well as 67 Absolute Chevaliers of the Glory Medal: Belarusians and other people who were born in Belarus.


1943 ...


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